The first major battle of the war, Bull Run or First Manassas, brought to light problems in using the First National Flag on the field of battle. To solve this problem Congressman William Porcher Miles, suggested to Gen. Beauregard that the army adopt as a battle flag the pattern which he had designed for the First National Flag. This pattern was rejected by the Congress twice. Beauregard authorized commanding generals in the field to furnish their troops with this battle flag. This Battle Flag was made in September 1861, and issued to commanders in the field. These banners were received with all possible enthusiasm; were toasted, feted, and cheered abundantly.
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