Col. Solomen G. Kitchen

Colonel Solomon George Kitchen

Solomon George Kitchen was born about 1820 in Roane County, Tennessee. At an early age, he migrated to Stoddard County, Missouri. As a surveyor, he read law and was admitted to the bar in 1842. With a large practice, Kitchen became an influential and wealthy citizen of Southeast Missouri. He served on the county court and later elected to the Missouri Senate. By 1861, he had amassed $50,000 in personal property and $100,000 in real estate.
Kitchen was an unsuccessful candidate as a secessionist to the Missouri Convention of March 1861. He later organized a mounted company designated as the Stoddard Rangers. The Rangers became Company C of the Second Cavalry Regiment, First Division, Missouri State Guard. Kitchen rose to lieutenant colonel of the this regiment and participated in the engagements at Hamburg, Commerce, Big River Bridge, Blackwell's Station and Fredericktown.

When the Missouri State Guard was disbanded, Kitchen raised a company for Confederate service. Kitchen's company was part of Lt. Col. Robert McCulloch's battalion which became the famous Second Missouri Cavalry Regiment. This was the only Missouri unit to remain mounted east of the Mississippi River. In October 1862, Kitchen resigned from the Second Missouri Cavalry. Kitchen returned to the Trans-Mississippi and again began his recruiting. He raised a regiment and sought vengeance against those who had molested his family and destroyed his property.

In the Spring of 1863, Kitchen was commanding a mounted battalion. One of his first encounters was during Gen. Marmaduke's raid on Cape Girardeau. At Chalk Bluffs, he attacked and captured a company of Federals. Soon after, his battalion was increased to a regiment and became known as the Seventh Missouri Cavalry Regiment. Kitchen's new regiment was part of Marmaduke's Missouri Cavalry Brigade. The Seventh Missouri Cavalry particed in nearly all of the engagement's fought by Marmaduke's Brigade in Arkansas during 1863-64. When Sterling Price made his raid into Missouri, Kitchen's Regiment provided the largest number of soldiers in Marmaduke's Brigade. During General Sterling Price's Raid, he was wounded at Byram's Ford and was absent during the fight at Mine Creek.

Near the war's end, Kitchen was reported to be in command of a legion - a combination of cavalry, infantry and artillery. He surrendered at Jacksonport, Arkansas in May 1865. After the war, he practiced law in St. Louis and Stoddard County. He was an unsuccessful congressional candidate of the Greenback Party. Solomon George Kitchen died in Kirkwood, Missouri on April 10, 1891 and is buried in the Oak Hill Cemetery.

Sources: Darrell L. Maples ed., "Colonel Solomon G. Kitchen," The Governor's Guard (Jefferson City, MO: M. M. Parsons Camp #718), May 1996.

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Last modified: September 04, 2015.