Jackson, with 20,000 men, traveled fifty-one miles in two days, destroying the base of Pope on August 27, 1862. Jackson and his army then regrouped at Groveton, about six miles from Manassas Junction. Ferocious fighting began on August 28 and 29, yet Jackson held the Union forces off. Then, as a result of excellent maneuvering by Jackson, he slowly deployed his reserve forces and thus was able to withstand the Union attacks.
This facilitated in driving General Pope and his Union army back to Washington following their defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
Then on September 15, 1862, Jackson and his army attacked Harpers Ferry where they were successful in capturing more than 12,000 Union prisoners. Two days later at the Battle of Antietam, upon traveling quickly to get there, Jackson and his force arrived in time to save General Lee from disaster from an unexpectedly massive Union force. On October 10, 1862, Jackson was promoted to lieutenant general and given the command of the II Corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. In this role, he effectively defeated the Union forces on December 13, 1862 at the Battle of Fredericksburg.
||During the winter of 1862 and early 1863, Jackson and his army spent these months at Moss Neck on the Rappahannock River, not far from Fredericksburg. During this time, Jackson took leave to visit his wife and to see his infant daughter for the first time. On April 29, 1863, Jackson received word that 134,000 Union troops were crossing the Rappahannock River on both sides of Fredericksburg. Consequently, his leave was interrupted.|
These Union forces were under the command of Major Generals John Sedgwick and Joseph Hooker. Jackson sent a small force to defend against Sedgwick, while taking the bulk of his army into the Wilderness near Spotsylvania on April 30, where he joined General Lee in the hopes of stopping General Hooker. On May 1, they were able to stop Hooker's advance down the Rappahannock River toward Fredericksburg, and in doing so, drove them back toward Chancellorsville. That evening, Lee and Jackson met and decided to split their army again. Lee was to stay at Chancellorsville to take on Hooker's front lines, while Jackson would make a sweep around Hooker, and attack him from the rear. On the morning of May 2, Jackson was successful, completely overwhelming the Union XI Corps.
|This was one of Jackson's most sensational victories during the war, only to be marred by tragedy. As dusk began to fall, while Jackson was riding on his horse, several of his own men mistakenly fired at him, believing him to be the enemy. Hit and badly injured, he was taken to a nearby house, where doctors had to amputate his left arm. Soon thereafter, it appeared that his condition was improving. However, it then suddenly worsened, and was now complicated by pneumonia.||
|This was one of Jackson's
most sensational victories during the war, only to be marred by tragedy. As dusk
began to fall, while Jackson was riding on his horse, several of his own men
mistakenly fired at him, believing him to be the enemy. Hit and badly injured,
he was taken to a nearby house, where doctors had to amputate his left arm. Soon
thereafter, it appeared that his condition was improving. However, it then
suddenly worsened, and was now complicated by pneumonia.
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, easily one of the finest generals in the war on either sides, died on May 10, 1863. With his death, General Lee had lost one whom he considered his "right arm" after only twenty-months of war. Many historians speculate how the outcome of the war might have been different if Jackson had been available at Gettysburg in July of 1863.